Stewart of Stewart
Stewart of Stewart ?
Some blame the identification of the Roman Catholic Church with the Stuarts for the extremely lengthy delay in the passage of Catholic Emancipation until Jacobitism ( as represented by direct Stuart heirs ) was extinguished ; however it was as likely to be caused by entrenched anti-Catholic prejudice among the Anglican establishment of England. Despite the Whig intentions of tolerance to be extended to Irish subjects, this was not the preference of Georgian Tories and their failure at compromise played a subsequent role in the present division of Ireland. The family first settled in England but later moved to Ireland where their principal seat was at Ballyheigue where the head of the family was known as " The Cantillon ". Like so many of their neighbours they lost their estates, as a result of their loyalty to the Catholic faith and their supporting of the Catholic Confederation, and later their support of the Jacobile King James II. Indeed a Cantillon was Chaplin to Sarsfield’s Regiment.
At the age of thirty, armed with his father’s sword, Cormac came to Tara, where he met a steward consoling a weeping woman. The steward explained that the High King had confiscated her sheep because they had cropped the queen’s woad-garden. Cormac declared, "More fitting would be one shearing for another," because both the woad and the sheep’s fleeces would grow again. When Lugaid heard this, he conceded that Cormac’s judgement was superior to his and abdicated the throne.
During the turn of the 20th century the Hill of Tara was excavated by British Israelists who thought that the Irish were part of the Lost Tribes of Israel and that the hill contained the Ark of the Covenant . During the rebellion of 1798, United Irishmen formed a camp on the hill but were attacked and defeated by British troops on 26 May 1798 and the Lia Fáil was moved to mark the graves of the 400 rebels who died on the hill that day. In 1843, the Irish Member of Parliament Daniel O’Connell hosted a peaceful political demonstration on Hill of Tara in favor of repeal of the Act of Union which drew over 750,000 people, which indicates the enduring importance of the Hill of Tara
be it, it could be said, i am an Englishman also = with certain privileges and immunities attached to it which the government, whether restricted by express or implied limitations, cannot take away or impair = who will not be subject to an oath renouncing Stuart claims to the throne and the civil jurisdiction of the Pope ; that i am not roman catholic, i am allowed the same protection Roman Catholics have against the religious persecution by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, or anyone else – including the Queen in authority to the Magna Carta, - and the constitution to the supremacy of g’d, and the rule of law in religious freedom 21 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father. 22 Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews. 23 But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him.
Molly Maguires, an Irish secret society. Most landlords and their agents were Protestant, while the Molly Maguires were Catholic. The Peep o’ Day Boys was a Protestant secret association in 18th century Ireland, active in the 1780s and ’90s and a precursor of the Orange Order. Carbon County was created on March 13, 1843 from parts of Northampton ( the bear at the Hamptons ? ) and Monroe Counties and was named for the extensive deposits of coal in the region Carbon County is the location of the trials and executions of the controversial Molly Maguires, an Irish secret society that had been accused of terrorizing the region Catholic Irish nationalism. The use of the name in Ireland goes back as far as 1565, when it was founded by an Irish chieftain, Rory O’Moore, to protect Roman Catholics against the religious persecution by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Thomas Radclyffe, founded "The Defenders". The same source adds that: "It is impossible to give the exact date of the foundation of the order in Ireland." His part of Ireland was called Laois, and had been settled by the Catholic Queen Mary in the 1550s. This formative history was reported in the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia but is not supported by any modern academic historians of the period. An anti-English and anti-Protestant sentiment prevailed in its ranks into the 20th century, by which time it had developed into a militant lay-Catholic mass movement similar to the Ribbon tradition. Catholic Emancipation.
In Canada, British since 1763, the Quebec Act of 1774 ended some restrictions on Catholics, so much so that it was criticized in the Congress of the Thirteen Colonies. In Great Britain and Ireland, the first Catholic Relief Act was passed in 1778; subject to an oath renouncing Stuart claims to the throne and the civil jurisdiction of the Pope, it allowed Roman Catholics to own property, inherit land, and join the army. Reaction against this led to riots in Scotland in 1779 and then the Gordon Riots in London on June 2, 1780.
The thirteen all had well established systems of self government and elections based on the Rights of Englishmen, which they were determined to protect from imperial interference. The "vast majority" of white men were eligible to vote. The rights of English men are the perceived traditional rights of British subjects. The notion refers to various constitutional documents that were created throughout various stages of English history, such as the Magna Carta, ( ok got cantilupe signatures on that one )the Declaration of Right (the text of which was recognized by Parliament in the Bill of Rights 1689), and others. Many Patriots in the Thirteen colonies argued that their rights as Englishmen were being violated, which subsequently became one of the original primary justifications for the American Revolution and the resulting separation from the British Empire. The 17th century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment opposed the absolute rule of the monarchs of their day, and instead emphasized the equality of all individuals and the idea that governments derived their existence from the consent of the governed. Enlightenment thinkers believed reason held the key to creating an ideal society. In 1690 the Englishman John Locke wrote that people have certain natural rights like "life, liberty and property" and that governments were created in order to protect these rights. If they did not, according to Locke, the people had a right to overthrow their government.
In this free country, the people of which inherited certain traditionary rights and privileges from their ancestors, citizenship means something. It has certain privileges and immunities attached to it which the government, whether restricted by express or implied limitations, cannot take away or impair … and these privileges and immunities attach as well to citizenship of the United States as to citizenship of the States. English constitutional writers expound this article as rendering life, liberty, and property inviolable except by due process of law. This is the very right which the plaintiffs in error claim in this case. Another of these rights was that of habeas corpus, or the right of having any invasion of personal liberty judicially examined into, at once, by a competent judicial magistrate. Blackstone classifies these fundamental rights under three heads, as the absolute rights of individuals, to-wit: the right of personal security, the right of personal liberty, and the right of private property. …
The great strength of the revolutionary movement up to 1775 was the conviction of Americans that they were engaged in a struggle to attain the rights of Englishmen. "We claim nothing but the liberty and privileges of Englishmen, said George Mason, "in the same degree, as if we had continued among our brethren in Great Britain." … As long as the rights of Englishmen remained the goal, most Americans warmly supported the patriot leaders; when the rights of Americans and independence Great Britain were put forward, the colonists began to divide into hostile camps.
—John Chester Miller, Origins of the American Revolution, p. 168 
At least one scholar states that how the colonists discussed these rights was what was new:
It is true that the colonists had insisted that they were seeking "the rights of Englishmen", but insisting upon this in the face of rulers who declare that colonists do not have such rights is revolutionary, though the rights themselves might not be new.
… the Scots refused to have their King unless he entirely renounced the influence of the English, and similarly refused to submit themselves to them. And they warned him that they would neither ransom him nor allow him to be ransomed unless he pardoned them for all their acts and injuries that they had done, and all the offences that they had committed during the time of captivity, and he should give them security for that, or otherwise they threatened to choose another king to rule them.